HALACHOS YOMIM NORAIM

                                                                                                                                       

                                HALACHOS FOR ROSH HASHANAH & YOM KIPPUR

                                                          EREV ROSH HASHONA
Hatoras Nedarim (release from vows) is usually performed on Erev Rosh Hashana.  If it is not performed at that time, then is should be performed as soon thereafter as possible.  UNDERSTANDING THE MEANING OF WHAT IS BEING SAID DURING HATORAS NEDARIM IS ESSENTIAL.  THEREFORE, THOSE WHO DO NOT UNDERSTAND THE HEBREW TEXT SHOULD SAY IT IN WHATEVER LANGUAGE THEY UNDERSTAND.  The Bais Din should be made up of at least three adult males, observant Jews who are not related to each other by blood or marriage.  The one asking for Hatoras Nedarim may, however, be related to one or more members of the Bais Din.
It is required to make an ERUV TAVSHILIN.  When the first or second day of Yom Tov falls out on Erev Shabbos, as is the case this year, it is forbbiden to cook or bake on Yom Tov for Shabbos unless an ERUV TAVSHILIN was made on Erev Yom Tov.


                                                                ROSH HASHANAH
    The Yom Tov candles are lit with the brocha L’hadlick Ner Shel Yom Tov & Shechiyanu.
    On the night of Rosh Hashona we observe the following customs: (1) We dip the Hamotzie in honey (2) We eat the following foods: dates, pomegranate, pumpkin, black-eyed peas, some people also use carrots, leek, marigold, or beets. (3) It is customary to eat the head of a sheep, ram, or fish. (4) It is customary NOT to eat anything sour such as sour pickles, horseradish, and sauerkraut. (5) It is customary NOT to eat any nuts.
    On the second night of Rosh Hashana we place a new fruit on the table or wear a new garment when making kiddush for the sake of the doubt related to the blessing of S’hechianu.
    The two days of Rosh Hashona are halachically considered as a single day only L’chumrah not L’kula.  Therefore, it is forbidden to prepare anything on the first day for use on the second day.  Such preparation includes any type of activity such as making ice cubes for the  second day, defrosting meats, setting the table for the second day, or actually cooking.
    YAALEH VEYAVO is said in Birchas Hamazon on Rosh Hashona as on other festivals.      However, one who forgets Yaaleh Veyavo on Rosh Hashona does NOT have to repeat the Birchas Hamazon.
    On the day of Rosh Hashana every Jewish man is obligated to hear NINE SHOFAR BLASTS.  But because of doubt as to the exact nature of the TERURAH a total of thirty blasts is required M’Dorisa.  There is a rabbinically ordained obligation to blow the above 30 blasts after Krias HaTorah and again during Mussaf.  We also blow an additional 40 blasts to make a sum total of 100 blasts.
    One must hear the entire sound of every blast even if it is unduly prolonged.  Even the Tekiah Gedolah must be heard completely.  THEREFORE ALL TEFILLOS SAID AFTER THE BLOWING MUST BE SAID ONLY AFTER THE BLOWING HAS COMPLETELY CEASED.  IT IS FORBIDDEN TO TALK EXCEPT AS NECESSARY FOR THE TEFILLOS from the time the brooches are recited until after all the Shofar blowing has been completed.  The congregation must have the intention to fulfil their obligation with both the Broches and the blowing.
    The custom of TASHLICH: is based on a prayer taken from scriptures which says that A-lmighty casts our sins in the depth of the sea.  We will be saying Tashlich on the first day of Yom Tov (Thursday, September 16th) following Mincha.

                                   ASSERES Y’MEI T’SHUVA:THE TEN DAYS OF REPENTANCE:
    During these days one should devote more time than usual to the study of Torah, the performance of Mitzvot and the distribution of charity.
    Also, those who are more lenient concerning non-Jewish bakery goods (e.g. Bread, rolls, cookies, cake, crackers) should be more scrupulous during these days.  (Country Boy & Life’s A Bagel baked goods have a Din of Pas Yisroel).
    Insertions and changes are made in the Shmonei Esrei during Aseres Y’mei Teshuva.  If one forgot any insertion or change, except HAMELECH HAKADOSH, he does not have to correct himself.

                                                             EREV YOM KIPPUR
    On Aseres Y’mei Teshuva and preferably on the day before Yom Kippur, we perform the ceremony of KAPPAROS.  Men select roosters and women select hens.  Pregnant women take both a rooster and a hen.  The custom is meant to evoke sincere repentance through the thought that a similar fate as that awaiting the fowl, might be due us for our sins.  There are some people who make KAPPAROS with a fish or with money and then give it to Tzedakah.
    
                                                                     YOM KIPPUR
    According to most authorities it is a MITZVAH D’ORAISO to feast sumptuously on Erev Yom Kippur.
    Women should abstain from wearing any jewelry or ornaments because of the awe of judgement.  Women wear their Shabbos dresses in honor of the day.
    
It is customary for mothers and fathers to bless their children before going to the synagogue.
    Towards nightfall we eat the final meal before the fast.  This meal MUST be concluded while it is still day and before candle lighting.  If we finish the meal long before candle lighting and we intend to eat or drink after that we must EXPRESSLY SAY SO, before Birchas Hamazon.
    ALL WORK PROHIBITED ON SHABBOS IS FORBIDDEN ON YOM KIPPUR.
    Sick people are not exempt from fasting unless there is a remote possibility that fasting would endanger their lives.  A doctor and Rabbi should be consulted in individual cases.
    One should wash his fingertips up to the second knuckle in the morning.  If any part of one’s body becomes soiled he may wash off the dirt.  When leaving the bathroom one may wash up to the second knuckle.
    Wearing shoes from leather is prohibited.
    HAVDOLAH: The Havdolah 
candle must be lit from a fire, which was burning all Yom Kippur.
    KIDDUSH LEVANA after Yom Kippur.  It is customary to start building the Succah on motzo’ei Yom Kippur to go from one Mitzvah to another.
 

 

Tue, October 17 2017 27 Tishrei 5778